RP forest tree species endangered
- Rudy A. Fernandez () - March 14, 2004 - 12:00am
LOS BAÑOS, Laguna — If there is still a Philippine teak in your place, protect it as if it is the last of the species in the country.

And so with the Mindanao cinnamon, almaciga, dao, kalantas, akle, palasan, lanete, lamio and bungang-ipot.

These are some of the Philippine endangered forest trees as defined in the 1980 International Union for the Conservation of Nature Red Data Book Guide.

The Red Data Book spells out three categories: Category A (immediately endangered species), Category B (potentially threatened and vulnerable), and Category C (rare).

Immediately endangered species are represented by a critically small population found in restrictedly narrow habitat that is constantly subjected to drastic environmental fluctuations.

Potentially threatened and vulnerable species are those whose populations are steadily being reduced to a critical low due to the continued destruction of their niches or to the heavy collection of wild stocks for commercial purposes.

Rare species are those whose populations have a highly restricted geographical distribution range or extremely specialized habitat.

To encourage the people to help provide maximum care and protection for the endangered species, the Los Baños-based Department of Environment and Natural Resources-Ecosystem Research and Development Bureau (DENR-ERDB) has released a publication on the status of threatened trees.

ERDB director Celso Diaz said, "The conservation of the country’s endangered natural resources is a primary responsibility of the government and its people." Conservation measures can be done through the establishment of gene banks, plantations, and in situ (in natural or original position) and ex situ (outside) conservation areas.

Potentially threatened, the Philippine teak is confined in secondary forests at low altitudes (100 to 250 feet above see level) in Luzon, particularly in Batangas. Often a substitute for molave, Philippine teak is popularly used for house posts and in general construction.

Mindanao cinnamon is a small tree (about 10 meters) that thrives in Davao, Surigao and Zamboanga. Its bark has medicinal value and is also used as flavoring in food and perfume, and for fuel. Its wood is a good material for carabao sleds, posts and beams of nipa huts.

Another threatened species is almaciga, which is still found in Luzon and some parts of the Visayas (Samar and Negros) and Mindanao (Misamis, Davao and Zamboanga).

Known as "Manila copal" in the international market, it yields high-quality resin used in the manufacture of varnish, paint, plastic and linoleum.

Locally, almaciga is used as incense in religious ceremonies, and for making torches, caulking boats, smudge for mosquitoes, patent leather and sealing wax.

One of the bests in the Philippines, almaciga wood is used in making panels and piano boards, guitar bodies, and engineering instruments.

Akle
is one of the most beautiful Philippine woods. It is one of the best cabinet timbers on account of its warm-brown color, fine texture and lasting qualities.

Akle
is also used for house construction (post, flooring, siding, panel and interior), naval construction, railroad ties, carvings, tables, chairs, desks, musical instruments (guitars and violins), and gun stock.

Another threatened species is palasan, a rattan generally found in the mountain ranges of Sierra Madre, Caraballo, Cordillera, Halcon, Isarog and Kitanglad.

Harvested rattan canes are used for manufacturing furniture sets, picture frames, newspaper racks, fish traps, hats, walking sticks, twine, ropes, hammocks, sleeping mats and other household items.

The fleshy portion of the palasan fruit is eaten raw by wild pigs. The bud (ubod), when roasted, is a good dish. Freshly cut stem gives good drinking water.

Dao
is a tall tree (35 to 40 meters) still found in primary and secondary forests. Its wood can be used in constructing banca, rafter and some pieces of furniture, and can be utilized for sliced rotary veneers, cabinets, crates, tables, boxes and match sticks.

The wood of kalantas is the best and only preferred wood for high-grade cigar boxes due to its aroma. It is also a favorite for making tennis rackets, cloth chests, furnitures, cabinets, piano boards and other musical instruments, lights bancas and small boats.

The wood of lanete is made into musical instruments, cabinets and picture frames.

AKLE CATEGORY A CATEGORY B CATEGORY C CELSO DIAZ CONSERVATION OF NATURE RED DATA BOOK GUIDE DAVAO AND ZAMBOANGA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES-ECOSYSTEM RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT BUREAU MINDANAO SPECIES USED
  • Latest
  • Trending
Latest
Are you sure you want to log out?
X
Login

Philstar.com is one of the most vibrant, opinionated, discerning communities of readers on cyberspace. With your meaningful insights, help shape the stories that can shape the country. Sign up now!

SIGN IN
or sign in with
Read and share the latest news
whenever and wherever you are.
Top Stories
Features the most relevant stories,
exclusive content, analyses and special reports.
As It Happens
Get bite-sized highlights and up-to-date
information as the news breaks.
Latest
View the most recent
stories of the day.
Log-in
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet,
consectetur adipiscing elit.
Quisque justo est, auctor vel ullamcorper.
Log-in
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet,
consectetur adipiscing elit.
Quisque justo est, auctor vel ullamcorper.
How to follow As It Happens stories
STEP 1
Click the story in the As it Happens section.
How to follow As It Happens stories
STEP 2
Click "Follow Story" for updates on the news.
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Aliquam eu metus vitae felis tincidunt finibus ut id sapien. Integer volutpat dui eu malesuada dignissim. Sed varius justo nulla, fringilla convallis sem porta sed.
How to follow Author
STEP 1
Click on the author's name in the article.
How to follow Author
STEP 2
Once you click on the author's name, you will be
brought to the Authors page. Click "Follow Author"
to stay updated on the author's works
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Aliquam eu metus vitae felis tincidunt finibus ut id sapien. Integer volutpat dui eu malesuada dignissim. Sed varius justo nulla, fringilla convallis sem porta sed.
How to follow Tags
STEP 1
Click on a tag in the article.
How to follow Tags
STEP 2
When you click on a tag, it will take you to the
dedicated tag page where you'll see the article
viewed, along with other stories with that tag.

Click the "follow tag" button to stay updated on
the topic.
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Aliquam eu metus vitae felis tincidunt finibus ut id sapien. Integer volutpat dui eu malesuada dignissim. Sed varius justo nulla, fringilla convallis sem porta sed.